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Only 0.5% of Iran’s industrial exports are exports of advanced technology products

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Based on the data of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) database and the 2022 Industrial Competitiveness Performance Index report, the Majlis Research Center concluded that the growth of the per capita value added of advanced technology production in the country has stopped since 2011.

In this report published under the name of “Investigation of Iran’s position in production and export indicators of products with medium and advanced technologies based on UNIDO data”, the development process of medium and advanced technologies and Iran’s position in the world during the years 1369 to 1399 have been examined.

Based on this, in general, Iran ranks 73 out of 154 countries in the index of the share of exports of medium and advanced technology products from the total industrial exports, and countries such as Turkey with 55th rank and India with 61st rank are in a better position.

Despite the fact that the sub-index of the deepening and improvement of Iran’s technology, i.e. the share of the added value of Iran’s medium and advanced technology productions from the added value of industrial productions in the years 1369 to 1399, has increased and reached 45%, but it has remained constant during the years 1390 to 1399.

According to the data of 2019, the share of advanced technologies in exports is not tangible at all. More than 54% of Iran’s industrial exports are raw and semi-raw products, and only about 0.5% of Iran’s industrial exports are exports of advanced technology products. Also, about 32.5% of Iran’s industrial exports belong to medium technology products.

The trend of the added value share of productions with medium and advanced technology in the country

The share of added value of production with medium and advanced technology of the country increased from about 28% to about 41% of the added value of industrial production in the period of 1990 to 2000. In the next period, i.e. 2000 to 2010, it increased from about 41% in 2009 to about 45% in 2010, but in the period from 2010 to 2020 until 2019, this index remained at the same 45%.

This report concludes that the production structure of the country in the period of 1369 to 1379 had an acceptable improvement in terms of technology, but there was no significant improvement in the production technology in the period of 1379 to 1399.

In another part of this report, Iran’s position in various indicators related to the technology industry has been examined and compared with neighboring countries.

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