The idea that the human mind can continue in a different form after the death of our body has been a recurring theme in science fiction since the 1950s. Recent TV series like “Black Mirror” and “Upload” as well as some games have shown us the appeal of this idea known as “mind upload”. Recent advances in science and technology bring us closer to the time when the idea of mind uploading can move from the realm of science fiction to reality.
Quoted from Conversation website In 2016, a program called The Immortalist aired on the BBC, in which a Russian millionaire talked about his plans to work with neuroscientists, roboticists and other experts to create technology that would allow us to upload our minds to computers. and have eternal life. At the time, he confidently predicted that mind uploading would be realized by 2045. This timing may seem unlikely, but we are taking small steps towards a better understanding of the human brain and possibly the ability to imitate or reproduce it.
Whole-brain prototyping is one possible route to mind-loading. Detailed scans of the brain and its activity enable scientists to reproduce a person’s biological brain and possibly their mind on a computer.
The most promising method is the “scan and copy” technique, in which the structure of the preserved brain is precisely scanned using a technique such as an electron microscope, and the data needed to produce a functional copy of the brain is obtained.
So, how likely is it that whole-brain prototyping and mind-loading will be realized? In a report published in 2008, Oxford University researchers defined whole brain prototyping as an engineering and research topic that has a well-defined goal and can be achieved with existing technologies.
However, others are skeptical about the assumptions behind it, and especially its two key principles. The main point of the whole brain prototyping proposal is to separate the mind from the body. This is controversial because many believe that the brain works this way because of the connection it has with other parts of the body as well as the environment around it.
Mind loading is also based on the assumption that the mind is the result of what the brain does. The mind and especially our consciousness is often considered as a bigger and more mortal phenomenon than the functioning of the biological brain. This debate means that the philosophical and scientific challenges of whole brain prototyping and mind uploading are actively discussed among academics, although the general public is not aware of it.
Angela Thornton from the University of Nottingham studied people’s awareness of the concept of mind uploading and asked them about the benefits or risks of this and their interest in uploading their minds to computers. During his study, he used various research methods such as longitudinal interviews (interviewing the same subjects over several years) and a storytelling website about mind loading.
Neurotechnology or methods to record or change the activity of the human brain is developing rapidly. Examples of neurotechnology such as brain-computer interfaces and the stentrod implant made headlines earlier this year because they allow severely paralyzed patients to control computers by thinking and perform online activities such as shopping and sending emails. Such advances, along with advances in artificial intelligence (AI), will help us better decipher brain waves. In the future, they may allow us to implement or modify the brain on a computer.
Thornton says that sooner or later we will achieve achievements in the field of mimicking the brain and reproducing it, we need to set guidelines and laws to ensure that our human and neurological rights are protected.