How did an iconic image change the way we look at chimpanzees?


As pit To BBC Future The image was taken long before the age of digital photography, he said, so he had to wait a while to see the printed images. He says:

Image registered in 1964, first published in December 1965 in the magazine National Geographic Released. Another photo of pit While studying chimpanzees, Gombe was featured on the cover of the magazine and as part of a photo series Van Lawick It was published under the title “New discoveries among African chimpanzees”. In the same year, the National Geographic documentary “Mrs pit and Wild Chimps,” the first of many documentaries about the research pit Was.

Quoted from pitThis photo along with the documentary film Van Lawick named People of the Jungle: The Gombe Chimpanzees forced science to abandon the idea that humans are the only beings with consciousness, personality, mind, and emotions. He added that he had learned this in 1962 as a student at Cambridge University. “So this image opened up a whole new way of understanding what exactly animals are, and it showed that we humans are also part of the animal kingdom and inseparable from them.”

pit He was the first to find that chimpanzees remove the tough blades of grass, then dig them into termite holes in the hills to hunt and eat these insects. Until then It was believed that the use of tools is the difference between humans and animals.

Mark Wright, director of science at WWF, says pit In many ways it was “a real breakthrough”, but this photo made people realize the importance of the female perspective in the scientific research community. “She was a young woman who said women are equal,” she says [مردان] They are in a good position to conduct first-class research in this field.”

Until then, the field of scientific research was completely dominated by men. But after the pit, a number of prominent women stepped up to do this kind of research. Gilbert M. Grosvenorformer president of the National Geographic Society, has similarly argued that “being a pioneer pit In this way, her greatest legacy is for other women primatologists.

Grosvenor says in Goodall’s biography: “In the last third of the 20th century, Dian Fossey, Beirut Galdikas, Cheryl Nutt, Penny Patterson And many other women followed in her footsteps. “In fact, women worldwide now dominate long-term behavioral studies of primates.”

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