What is nanotechnology? Applications of nanotechnology

What is nanotechnology?  Applications of nanotechnology


Textiles and fabrics

In order for the fabric to be wearable in all seasons, wrinkle-free and odor-free, fabrics with nano-sized silver and titanium particles are used. This has led to the production of light, thin and breathable fabrics. Other applications of nanotechnology in this industry include the production of anti-stain fabrics and increasing their durability.

The automotive industry is another industry where the applications of nanotechnology are evident. Polymer nanocomposites have been used in tires to make them more resistant to wear. In addition, adding nanoparticles such as tungsten nanospheres to vehicle fluids has strengthened their mechanical properties.

Sports equipment and goods

With the use of nanomaterials, quality rackets and balls and generally durable and light sports equipment are made.

Increase water quality

Increasing water quality is one of the best applications of nanotechnology, in which special nanoparticles are used on membrane filters to improve water quality and remove chemicals and industrial waste such as trichlorethylene from river water and groundwater. Using nanotechnology for water purification is a very efficient and cost-effective approach.

Another field in which the applications of nanotechnology can be seen is the field of space science and research. Apart from the fact that the outer structure of satellites can be made lighter and more durable with the help of these materials, groups of researchers are using carbon nanotubes to reduce spacecraft fuel.

Improve air quality

Decreasing air quality has become a global problem, and for this purpose, nanomaterials are widely used. On the one hand, membranes covered with nanomaterials such as graphene oxide are used to separate pollutants from the air. On the other hand, research is being done to increase the efficiency of catalysts, which can help reduce the effect of pollutants in the air from industrial plants to cars, air conditioners, and more. Such channels made of nanoparticles provide a large surface area for chemical reactions.


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