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Common sense among humans is not so common

Thomas Paine, an English-born revolutionary intellectual living in the American colonies, published a controversial 47-page manuscript in 1776. This book was called “Aql Salim” and became one of the best sellers. In this book, Thomas Paine argued that the colonists should seek independence from British rule. They did exactly that in the same year.

Common sense, which is also called rational judgment, common sense, or common sense, means the ability to understand and rationally judge various issues, shared by all human beings. Common sense is one of the main ingredients of politics, however Mark Whiting And Duncan WattsIn a new study, two computational social scientists from the University of Pennsylvania note that this idea has rarely been studied in detail.

The new study of these two researchers shows that there is no common point about common sense among all humans; Our common sense may actually be less collective and more derived from our personal perspectives. When someone calls something “common sense”, it generally means that they think it should be seen and understood the same way by everyone. Mark Whiting and Duncan Watts’ new study aimed to determine what people consider common sense and How common is this feeling among people?.

What is considered common sense varies from person to person

Whiting and Watts asked 2,046 study participants to respond to 4,407 claims about common sense from a variety of sources, including news media, political campaign emails, and common speech. Claims ranged from truisms such as “triangles have three sides” to more profound and abstract claims such as “perception is the only source of knowledge, what is not perceived does not exist.”

Participants were asked whether they agreed with the claims, why they responded that way, and how they thought most people would respond to the claim. Also, subjects had to answer several other questions. For example, whether they think a claim is about physical or social reality, and whether it is a theory or a fact.

Overall, the team found that what is considered common sense varies considerably between people. This was less often the case with facts such as the number of sides in a triangle. Although at this point, we wouldn’t be at all surprised if there was a conspiracy theory claiming that the “Great Mathematician” was lying to us about shapes.

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A closer look at the reasons for the differences in people’s understanding of common sense revealed that how one views an issue can be significantly influenced by how a person feels about common sense. For example, when it came to the statement “all men are created equal,” people who did not believe the statement were less likely to consider it common sense.

Based on the evaluation of the participants, it was found that the level of social perception of people also played a role in this case, but perhaps the most surprising thing was that demographic factors such as age, education and gender did not play a role in the evaluation.

“We conclude that, although there may be a body of knowledge shared by all individuals, only a small fraction of it constitutes the common sense that each individual considers common sense, a sense that is highly specific and necessarily unique,” the researchers wrote. “

The researchers believe that the current study, apart from teaching us to be cautious about blaming others for not using common sense, has potential applications both in social science research and in the field of improving artificial intelligence.

study in PNAS Journal It has been published.

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