What is diesel fuel and what are its disadvantages for humans and the environment?

What are the effects of diesel fuel on human health?

Burning fuel oil leads to the release of toxic sulfur dioxide gas (SO2), whose large amounts pose serious risks to human health. The standard amount of sulfur dioxide in the air is 10 ppb, and if the air we breathe contains more SO2, we will experience many problems.

A burning sensation in the nose and throat, breathing problems, chest pain, increased risk of heart diseases and red eyes are among the symptoms that we will encounter if we are exposed to a small concentration of dioxygen.

The emission of bad smell in the air means increasing the amount of SO2 to more than 500 ppb. In such conditions, the concentration of this gas is at a lethal level and is considered a very serious risk to human health. In such a situation, air pollution and solutions to deal with it become the most important issue of the society and attract the attention of experts and officials more and more.

Using the best air pollution monitoring programs and knowing the concentration of existing pollutants is one of the important measures that can be taken in this situation. If the amount of atmospheric pollutants increases, it is better not to leave the house and if forced to leave the house, use suitable face masks.

What are the effects of diesel fuel entering the environment?

In addition to the direct effect on human health, fuel oil affects our lives indirectly through the environment. One of the important and familiar effects of diesel fuel entering the environment is the phenomenon of “acid rain”.

The dissolution of heavy metals in the soil is considered the most important consequence of acid rain and leads to the phenomenon of soil erosion. This phenomenon causes the soil to lose its power to maintain the roots of trees and plants. In this situation, the vegetation will be lost and this will increase the possibility of flooding.

Soil and vegetation damage is a very important issue that seriously affects the future of mankind; But the point that makes this issue much more serious and worrying is the long-lasting nature of these effects. Research shows that compounds such as xylene and benzene, which enter the soil as a result of fuel oil breakdown, remain in the environment for more than 10 years.

Fuel oil and air pollution crisis in Iran

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