There are different types of web servers, each designed for specific purposes. Next, we mention some important and widely used web servers.
The Apache web server project was launched in 1996 and is currently maintained by the Apache Foundation. Apache is one of the world’s most popular free web servers. This project is one of the best examples of a web server that is compatible with operating systems such as Linux, Windows, and Mac.
IIS web server belongs to Microsoft company. This project comes with Windows Server operating system and it can be configured through GUI.
NGINX started its work in 2002. Igor Sysoev is responsible for the development of this project. Today, this platform is also used as a proxy server, and like Apache, it can also be used as a web server. This web server is designed in such a way that it can handle hundreds of simultaneous connections without problems.
Apache Tomcat is also a free web server specifically designed to provide Java-based services. This project is known as one of the popular Java servers and can work with port 8080. Other features of this web server include support for PHP, Python, Perl, ASP.NET, etc.
LightTPD started in 2003. This web server requires very little memory, processor and storage space. Web cameras, Internet routers, etc. use this project as their main web server.
LiteSpeed is another popular web server. Currently, this project is the fourth most used web server in the world, and according to statistics, by 2021, about 10% of all websites in the world will use it. One of the advantages of this web server is its high speed and low use of hardware resources.
Static web server versus dynamic web server