The debate over extremist theories has been hotly debated on social media for years. According to this theory, لودویگ فانبتوون May have been black; But is there any real evidence for this extraordinarily extreme theory? More importantly, why, almost 200 years after the death of the most famous composer in history, speculation about his race still does not end?
According to the All That Interesting website, some proponents of the theory refer to the comments of Beethoven’s contemporaries, who described the famous German composer as “dark” and “green” with “brownish-black skin.” Others claim that evidence of Beethoven’s African origins can be found in his masterpieces.
Ludwig van Beethoven became famous in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries for his audible songs, including Symphony No. 5; But for 80 years after his death, no questions were asked about his race. However, in 1907 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, A racially hybrid English composer and poet, sparked the debate over Beethoven’s dark skin for the first time.
Born to a white mother and a black father, Taylor Coleridge felt very close to Beethoven, not only musically but also racially. “If the world’s greatest musician were alive today, he would not be able to stay in hotels in some American cities,” he implicitly referred to Beethoven’s blackness after a trip to the United States, where racism was rampant.
No one in the history of the world has been so closely associated with Beethoven’s genius
Coleridge Taylor’s theory was revived later in the twentieth century, at a time when black Americans were trying to assert their rights and pull the lost narratives of their race out of oblivion. For example, one of the main members of the “black power” movement called Stockley Carmichael In a speech in Seattle, he claimed that Beethoven was black. Malcolm X.Another black activist said in an interview that Beethoven’s father was one of the blacks recruited by the Europeans as a professional soldier.
Beethoven’s theory of blackness was even traced back to the 21st century. In 2020, once again, many users of the social networks Twitter and Instagram paid a lot of attention to this issue; But how much real evidence is there for this unlikely assumption?
Behind the scenes of interesting theories
It is generally believed that Beethoven was from the Flemish region; But there are also doubts about its origin. Those who believe in the theory of Ludwig Fanbühven’s blackness point to some of the facts of the famous composer’s life to prove their point. The first evidence we discuss here is the comments of the composer’s contemporaries. Many people who have seen Beethoven up close during his lifetime have described him as having dark skin. Beethoven’s contemporaries sometimes described him as “dark” or “green.”
One of the Hungarian princes named Prince Nicolas Esther Even to Beethoven and his composer, Joseph Hayden, Said “Moors” or “Moore’s Lists”. The Moors are black people whose origins go back to North Africa or the Iberian Peninsula. However, some scholars have suggested that the prince may have used these words to humiliate Beethoven and Haydn and to show that they were his subjects.
Meanwhile, other researchers have noted that people in Beethoven’s time often used the word Moore to refer to whites with slightly darker skin tones as well as those with black hair. However, it was not only members of the European royal family who commented on Beethoven’s appearance; Because a woman named Farau Fisher, A close acquaintance of Beethoven, also described his skin color as brownish black. An Austrian author named Franz Grillparser He also described Beethoven as “stressed and dark.”
However, Beethoven’s appearance is not the only argument defended by Beethoven’s theory of blackness. Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online George Bridgettower, Also mentioned by the British African violinist Tabar. Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online. However, Beethoven’s friendship with Bridget was not at all unusual for obvious reasons. Although nineteenth-century Europeans were predominantly white, the busy trade routes through the Mediterranean basically meant that many black Africans were constantly confronted with white Europeans.
Beethoven’s theory of blackness was even traced back to the 21st century.
In fact, it is this issue that provides further evidence for this theory. Because black Africans frequently visited Europe, they sometimes preferred to move to Europe to live, and this is why some believe that Beethoven’s mother met one of these African immigrants, and that these passionate encounters later led to a sinful love affair.
Most historians believe that Beethoven was a child یوهان And Maria Magdalena Kurish Fanbethun Both of whom had ancestors; But all this does not stop the spread of rumors about the secret relationship of Beethoven’s mother or one of his ancestors with an African person.
According to researchers at the Beethoven Center for the Study of Sanchez University, Beethoven’s theory of blackness is based on the assumption that Beethoven was an illegitimate child. These historical clues about the Beethoven race are quite thought-provoking, and certainly the rumors that are circulating about the famous composer’s family are just as interesting and highly controversial. Meanwhile, there are others who have nothing to do with these rumors and historical evidence and consider the best evidence to prove Beethoven’s blackness is his magical music.
One of the bands called Beethoven Was African In 2015, he released an album in which he tried to prove that Beethoven’s pieces of music had African roots. Although this is an extreme assumption, it is not a new idea at all; Because in the 1960s, a series of “Charlie Brown comic books” addressed Beethoven’s theory of blackness. In one of these picture books, the pianist who performed a piece by Beethoven says in surprise: [موسیقی با خاستگاه سیاهان] “I was playing and I did not know!”
However, in reality there is very little evidence that Beethoven was black. At the same time, there is another group that finds it fundamentally wrong to ask this question. In fact, these people are basically saying that people should pay more attention to black composers who have forgotten their history books for some reason, instead of fruitless speculations about the Beethoven race.
Many of Beethoven’s contemporaries have described him as “dark” and “green” with “brownish-black skin.”
Kera Thurman He is a professor of German language, literature and history at the University of Michigan of African descent. “Instead of asking if Beethoven was black, you better ask why I do not know anything about George Bridgettower,” he wrote on his Twitter page. “Honestly, I no longer need to discuss Beethoven being black; “I need people who play Bridgetover and the like.”
With that said, Thurman knows full well where Beethoven’s claim of being black originally originated. “Whites have historically always denied any connection between blacks and genius,” he said. “In many ways, no one in the history of the world has been as tied to Beethoven as genius, and he has always been equated with genius.”
“The assumption that Beethoven was black was very strong, exciting and tempting,” he said. Because it fundamentally overturns the beliefs and perceptions of people in the United States and around the world about race and racial hierarchy. Thurman believes that there are still many talented black composers whose genius traces have been ignored in history. Bridgetower, for example, was a child prodigy like Mozart who never became as famous as his Austrian counterpart.
However, Joseph Bolon, The French black composer was highly acclaimed during his lifetime, and some of the most famous black American composers, including William Steel And William Levy Dawson And Florence Price They were among those who were well received by the people during their lifetime. When Price performed Symphony No. 1 in 1933, she became the first black woman to perform in a large orchestra, and her concert was greeted with enthusiasm; As the Chicago Daily News wrote about his memorable concert: “A perfect work that conveys its message to the listener with restraint and passion at the same time, and deserves a permanent place in the executive repertoire of the symphony orchestra.”
Price and other composers and musicians like him are forgotten over time. At the same time, the works of composers like Beethoven are heard with great intensity in movies, TV series and TV shows, and at the same time, the works of black composers are being forgotten more and more. But was Beethoven black after all? Perhaps it would be better to put the question another way: If Beethoven were black, would he have achieved the legendary fame we now know of him, or would he not have been mentioned as one of the many talented black composers lost in history?