The mummy of Amenhotep I was opened digitally after 3,000 years

The mummy of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep I was so delicately dressed, adorned with flower rings, and buried with a real face mask that scientists were hesitant to open its remains. About 3,000 years after Amenhotep’s burial, a team of researchers used CT scans to digitally open his body and virtually examine many layers to reveal what he looked like, which, of course, looked like his father.

Researchers have found that the pharaoh, who ruled from about 1525 BC to 1504 BC, was 35 years old at the time of his death and was 169 cm tall. He was also circumcised and had healthy teeth. سحر سلیم“Underneath the twisted ribbons were 30 amulets and a unique gold belt with gold beads,” said one of the study’s authors and a professor of radiology at Cairo University School of Medicine.

The new study was published December 28 in the journal Frontiers in Medicine. به‌گفت‌ی زاهی حساس, The former Minister of Archeology and one of the authors of the new study, The Belt may have a magical meaning, and each of the amulets served to assist the deceased king in his afterlife. “Salim told LiveScience in an email:

Amenhotep mummy has a piece of jewelry called a belt. The ancient Egyptians wore such jewels around their waists. Some of these belts, like this one, have shell amulets next to them.

Mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep

Amenhotep I mummy face mask

Pharaoh's skull

Pharaoh’s skull showed that his teeth were in good condition at the time of his death

Pharaoh / mummy's skull and skeleton

When researchers examined Pharaoh’s mummy, they saw his skull and skeleton collapsed.

The Royal Mummy of Amenhotep I.

The royal mummy of Amenhotep I, the second pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, in April 2006 at the Cairo Museum in Egypt

Amenhotep I

Egypt extended to northern Sudan during the reign of Amenhotep I during the 18th dynasty. This pharaoh started the construction program and built or expanded many temples. No one knows how Amenhotep I died or where he was first buried.

A group of researchers led by Goston Mespro, The French Egyptologist, found the amnesty mummy in 1881, along with several other mummies, in a tomb on the west coast of Thebes (modern day). His mummy was placed in the tomb during the Twenty-first Dynasty (c. 1070 BC to 945 BC) after being looted in ancient times. The thieves had damaged Pharaoh’s body. Salim and Hawas wrote in their article:

CT scans show the extent of damage to the amniotic fluid mummy, which includes fractures and cuts in the neck and a large incision in the anterior abdominal wall and dismemberment of the limbs, including the right arm and leg.

The priests placed the detached limbs of the mummy in place and used resin to protect the various parts of the mummy’s body together and then covered parts of the mummy with new bandages. Salim said:

We have shown that, at least for Amenhotep I, the priests of the twenty-first dynasty carefully repaired the damage caused by the attack of the looters of the tomb, restored to it the former glory of the mummy, and replaced it with its magnificent jewels and spells.

The cause of death of Amenhotep I is unknown; “We did not find any wounds or injuries that indicate the cause of death,” Salim said. Scans show what Pharaoh looked like during his lifetime. Salim said:

Amenhotep I appears to have been similar in appearance to his father, Ahmase I: he had a narrow chin and a small nose, curly hair, and slightly prominent upper teeth.

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Most pharaonic mummies were physically exposed or studied by CT scan; But Amenhotep I was one of the few royal mummies that was not exactly studied. According to Saleem, the fact that the mummy of Amenhotep I was never opened in modern times provided us with a unique opportunity: not only to study how he was mummified and buried, but also to observe how the High Priests of Amun restored and reburied him centuries after his death. کردن.

Live Science also contacted other researchers. Aidan Dadson“It’s very interesting,” said a professor of Egyptology at the University of Bristol in the UK. “But I’m not sure there is a shocking issue.” Dadson pointed out that other royal mummies may have had similar belts, which were later stolen. “The gold belt may not have a straightforward pattern,” he said. “But it should be noted that almost all the other royal mummies were completely looted.”

کارا کونی, A professor of Egyptology at the University of California, Los Angeles, said the priests of the 21st dynasty may have placed the golden belt on Amenhotep I. The high priests of Amun, who practically controlled parts of Egypt during the twenty-first dynasty, considered him as one of their ancestors and may have shown their interest in him by placing a belt on the body of this pharaoh.

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