The best night sky events in 2022
Another year is watching the night sky and many things will happen in the sky in 2022. Here are some examples of important night sky events that will take place this year.
Late February to late March 1400: Venus show
From late February to late March, Venus, the brightest planet in the night sky, shines in the southeastern sky a few hours before sunrise. Venus reaches its maximum brightness on February 15 this year, and its crescent phase can be observed with small telescopes and binoculars at a fixed position. On March 20, Venus enters the half-moon phase and reaches its greatest western extension from the Sun. On March 28, the complete Venus tablet can be seen.
April 6, 1401: The god of war meets the Lord of the Rings
On April 6, we will see an interesting meeting in the eastern and southeastern skies before sunrise. At this date, Mars is at an angle of 0.4 degrees below Saturn; But the charm of this observation is the same brightness of both planets (Saturn, magnitude 0.9, Mars + 1.0) and the color contrast between Saturn, yellow and white, and Mars, orange. As a result, it’s worth setting your watch to 5:40 in the morning to watch the event.
Early to mid-May 1401: Comet observation with the naked eye
Comet C / 2021 O3 (PanSTARRS) will pass through the Sun at a distance of 42.8 million kilometers on the first of May and can shine up to the fourth apparent magnitude so that it will be visible to the naked eye in the second week of May until the middle of this month. This comet will be visible in the western sky, southwest and shortly after sunset in the spring night sky. You just have to wait.
This sky map shows the view after sunset from the New York City sky on May 12, 1400.
7 to 10 May 1401: Heavenly Gathering
In early May, Jupiter rises from the east, southeast horizon and approaches Venus. On the 7th of Ordibehesht, we will see an attractive gathering of three of the brightest objects in the night sky, which will be visible at dawn. In this position, the crescent moon is placed under Jupiter and Venus, which has an angle of 3 degrees to them.
On the 10th of Ordibehesht, the collision called the dual planet attracts attention. In this situation, Jupiter and Venus appear together. Jupiter on the left and Venus on the right while they will be separated by angles of 0.5 degrees. While Jupiter shines with an apparent magnitude of 2, Venus appears six times brighter with an apparent magnitude of 2.
May 10, 1401: Partial solar eclipse
On May 10, a total solar eclipse will be visible in Antarctica, but this eclipse will be seen in part for other places. On this date, the upper moon or crescent shadow will cover parts of the southern hemisphere, leading to partial eclipses around sunset in the South Pacific and western and southern parts of South America, including Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, southern Peru. , Southern Bolivia, western Paraguay and small parts of Brazil will be visible.
A larger solar eclipse will cover the South Pacific 480 km northwest of Yelco Base, Chile’s Antarctic Research Center on South Bay on Doomer Island. Fishing boats or boats close to this point can clearly see the sun on the west, northwest horizon, with two-thirds of it behind the moon. Thick fog may make the amount of sunlight dim or red.
Map of partial solar eclipse May 10, 1401
May 25-21, 1401: Full eclipse
The timing of this event is perfect for most Americans. On May 25-26, the lunar eclipse occurs at or shortly after sunrise off the coasts of Oregon and Washington, and in much of western, northern, and central Canada, the moon will appear ghostly and red.
In Hawaii, the rising of the moon coincides with the end of the lunar eclipse; Unfortunately, for much of Alaska, the lunar eclipse ends before the moon rises. The moon rises in the Atlantic Ocean to intersect with much of Africa and Europe; Much of Central Europe can see the full moon. A full eclipse lasts a little longer than the average: one hour and 24 minutes.
The moon passes south of the Earth’s shadow center, so during the full phase, the lower part of the moon appears brighter, while the upper part is significantly darker. However, the brightness and colors that appear on the moon also depend on the state of the Earth’s atmosphere; Turbulent clouds, volcanic dust and other pollutants can affect the appearance of the eclipse.
9 to 10 June 1401: Possible meteor storm
Perhaps the most dramatic night sky event of 2022 will occur at nightfall on June 9 and 10, 1401, in most parts of North America. At this time, our planet is in the midst of a dense cloud of meteorites that have been repelled by the nuclear collapse of a small comet called 73P / Schwassman-Wachmann 3. This strange cosmic event can lead to an astonishing, albeit short, meteor show. Also known as Saqib meteors, the number of these meteors may reach tens or hundreds of hours per hour.
Comet 737P / Schwassman-Wachmann and parts of the Slooh Telescope in Chile
Late June and early July 1401: Level of five planets
From late June to early July 1401, five planets in the night sky align at the same time, drawing a line that stretches from east to southeast at dawn. The amazing thing about this event is the alignment of the planets in order of distance from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The moon also changes from a rising crescent to a narrow crescent phase and meets each planet on specific mornings: Saturn on 28 June; Customer on 31 June; Mars on July 1; Venus on July 5 and Mercury on July 6.
July 22, 1401: The largest full moon of the year
The moon completes at 23:08 Iranian time and 9 hours and 37 minutes earlier reaches the closest point to Earth at a distance of 357,264 km. This condition, called a supermoon or supermoon, will lead to major changes in the ocean tides over a period of days.
The Pink Supermoon was spotted on May 6, 1400, from the International Space Station and orbits 430 km from the South Indian Ocean.
August 12, 1401: Bersavshi meteor shower reaches its peak
The annual display of meteor showers on this date will be difficult to see due to the bright light of the full moon.
Shahab Bersavoshi seen in a 30-second exposure image in West Virginia, August 11, 1400
4 October 1401: Dealing with the customer
The largest planet in the solar system will reach its lowest point and the closest distance to Earth on October 25, 1942. In this case, the distance between Jupiter and Earth will be 2.591 million kilometers. In this way, Jupiter will shine brighter and larger than the other constellation Pisces stars.
A collision occurs when the Earth and the planets farther from the Sun, like Jupiter, align on one side of the solar system.
3 Aban 1401: Partial solar eclipse
In this eclipse, the shadow of the moon will cover the regions of the North Pole. The eclipse will be visible from eastern Greenland and all of Iceland, as well as most parts of Europe except Portugal and parts of western and southern Spain, northeastern Africa, and with varying degrees of intensity in many parts of Central and Western Asia. Larger eclipses can be seen as the sun sets at about seven-eighths the diameter of the local sunset on the Siberian Plateau near the city of Nizhny Novgorod.
Map of a partial eclipse on October 25, 2022
17 Aban 1401: Full moon
The November 17 lunar eclipse will cover the western half of North America, the islands of Hawaii, East Asia, Indonesia, New Zealand and the eastern half of Australia. The lunar eclipse begins on the Atlantic coast. It then reaches the north center of the shadow and, like the long lunar eclipse of May, lasts one hour and 25 minutes. As a result, we may see a relatively dark eclipse that is likely to be brown in the lower parts of the moon and copper red in the upper parts.
16 to 17 Azar 1401: Night M&M (Moon and Mars)
In the afternoon of December 7, the full moon passes close to Mars and hides it from parts of North America; But the question arises, what is the bright yellow-orange star under the moon?
Mars encounters the sun on December 8 and rises at sunset, finally reaching its highest point in the night sky at midnight. Then it shines with an apparent magnitude of 1.9, and it will shine even brighter than Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky.
22-23 Azar 1401: Gemini meteor shower reaches its peak
The twin meteor shower, known as the best annual meteor shower, will occur this year in the last three quarters of the month and will be doomed to failure; Because the moonlight breaks it, but the brightest meteors can be seen in the hours after midnight.
Gemini thunder in the night sky above the national coast of Assateague Island in Maryland during a Gemini meteor shower. Astronomical photographer Jeff Burkez captured this photo on December 14, 2016 at 2:30 AM.