To record vocals and instruments, you need a quality microphone so that you can get a great sound for your songs. But the thing about microphones is that the different models make it confusing for the buyer when choosing their first microphone. We have prepared a complete microphone buying guide at Sedasator, which you can read below.
If the intention Buy a microphone Have a new one and visit audio equipment stores, you’ll find a wide range of prices, brands and models of microphones. The wide range of features of microphones, along with hundreds of models, is so great that if you do not have information in this field, you will definitely have trouble comparing microphones. Usually, according to the price of a microphone, its sound quality can be determined, but some manufacturers only pay attention to the quality of good sound production and do not pay attention to the quality and structure of its body. At the end of this article in Sound Store, you can have a very good guide to buy a quality microphone.
Answer this question before buying a microphone
When choosing a microphone, the most important question you should ask yourself is what is your purpose in buying a microphone? What do you want to use it for? Are you going to use it for music? Or for live performance or even to play the sound of the instrument? Or are you going to use one microphone for two or more tasks?
You should measure the microphone you are going to buy with your conditions, with the equipment you have, with the environment you have and with the activity you have. For example, it doesn’t make sense to use expensive and market-brand microphones for a singing group, and you can go for options like buying Boya, Yanmai, etc. microphones. But for example, if you are looking for a microphone that you can use both on stage and in the studio and that works best for you, you can go to Buy a studio microphone More professional than brands like Brand Go Rode, which is suitable for both jobs.
Basic knowledge of microphone terminology
Having a minimum of knowledge about microphone features and terms used to describe them can go a long way in choosing the right one for your needs. In the rest of this article, we will discuss the explanations and common terms written in the manual of microphones.
The polar pattern is the field shape of the microphone’s sensitivity, or the directions in which the microphone accepts or rejects sound. The multi-pole microphone reacts to sounds coming from different directions and is responsive. A two-way microphone, also called a figure 8, accepts sounds coming from the west and east and rejects sounds coming from the north and south. Unidirectional microphones are the most common type of microphones, which are categorized into the following three polar patterns:
Cardiode polar pattern microphone : Sound is accepted only from the front of the microphone.
Super polar pattern microphone Cardiod : It accepts the sound more from the front of the microphone and less from the back of the microphone with a field angle difference of 180 degrees, and it accepts the side sounds less.
Hyper cardioid polar pattern microphone : It accepts the sound more from the front of the microphone and less from the back of the microphone with a field angle difference of 180 degrees, and it accepts the side sounds more.
Microphones with multiple polar patterns
Some microphones have multiple patterns. For example, Yanmay Q81 microphone; whose pattern is changed by a button or switch that is usually installed on the body of the microphone (for example, from omnidirectional to cardioid mode). This feature allows you to adjust your microphone for different work environment and different activities.
Frequency response refers to the frequency ranges a microphone receives. This range is represented by the highest and lowest frequency in units of Hz. For example, a microphone whose frequency range is between 80 Hz and 15 kHz can be a suitable microphone for singing. But if you are looking for a suitable microphone for percussion instruments, you can use a microphone with a frequency range of at least 50 Hz.
Frequency response curve
Note the important point that only the frequency response can be considered as the range of a microphone. The frequency response curve shows how the microphone reacts at different frequencies. In this curve, there are specific ups and downs at different points that determine the unique characteristics of the microphone and express its possibilities for different activities. For example, a microphone used for a singer’s voice may have a sudden rise in the high-mid range that makes the singer’s voice sound smoother and clearer..
Being sensitive and possible to use SPL
What is SPL or Sound pressure level? The amount of sound pressure on the air is called SPL and is represented by the symbol dB (decibel). SPL is a variable and tells you the highest sound volume the microphone can pick up. This is very important and can help you when using the microphone for loud instruments such as the trumpet. Note that the average is about 100 dB and the maximum is about 130 dB.
The sensitivity of the display is how well the microphone can detect sound. This issue is also expressed for different devices. Regardless of the microphone you are using, perhaps this alone is enough to know that the lower this number, the more sensitive the microphone will be..
Examining the types of microphones and the uses of each of them
Microphones can be divided into two categories: condenser microphones and dynamic microphones. These two categories can be separated by their unique characteristics.
Dynamic type microphones can be considered more resistant than condenser type microphones, which is why this type of microphone is used more for stage performances and live performances. But on the other hand, due to the sensitivity and clearer sound of condenser microphones, they are mostly used for sound recording in studios.
But you should know that there are dynamic microphones that are used for recording and condenser microphones that are also used for stage use; More generally, some dynamic microphones have a very clear and sensitive sound that is suitable for use in recording studios, and some condenser microphones have high resistance for use on stage.
One of the other differences between these two microphones is related to their power requirements. Dynamic type microphones can also work without a power supply, while most condenser microphones require a power source such as a battery or a phantom power generator and preamplifier to operate.
How to distinguish a quality microphone from a poor quality microphone?
Microphone characteristics depend on many factors, the things you have read so far are part of knowing the characteristics of a microphone. Other factors such as the alloy used, design, manufacturing structure, and more all have a large impact on the performance of a microphone. For this reason, it is better to introduce the main criterion of a quality microphone as its price. But if you have a good musical ear, you can tell the difference between a quality microphone and a bad one just by listening.
The quality of the microphone depends on two important factors. The first factor is the microphone manufacturer’s brand and raw materials, body and technologies used in a product. The second important factor is your knowledge and purpose when using a microphone. Sometimes the product you bought is of good quality; But since you don’t have good information about using the microphone, you can’t use it properly and as a result you won’t experience good sound quality.
Although the points mentioned in this article can help you to some extent in choosing a quality microphone, testing and evaluating a microphone experimentally can provide you with more accurate information for a suitable choice. You can visit the showroom Sound Store online store Get detailed information to choose the microphone you want.