China has three missions to explore the moon’s south pole
China has officially announced three missions to explore the moon’s South Pole in the coming decade. These missions are called Chang’e 6, Chang’e 7, and Chang’e 8, which use spacecraft in each set for different purposes. These three missions form the so-called fourth phase of China’s lunar exploration program, which began in December 2021 (December 1400) with the Chang’e 5 landing on the moon.
Space report, وو یانهواIn a recent interview with China Central Television (CCTV), the deputy director of China’s National Space Administration (CNSA) said the three missions had been approved and that each had a surface, an orbiter, a probe and even a small flying spacecraft for each of Antarctica. It is intended to look for evidence of ice in this part of the moon.
The spacecraft used in the mission will carry a wide range of scientific instruments such as cameras, radar instruments, infrared mineral imager, thermometers, seismographs and water molecule analyzers. The purpose of these missions is to explore the moon’s south pole, remote sensing, identifying sources and a comprehensive study of that environment.
The first mission will be Chang’e 7. Wu Yanhua did not provide a timetable for completing these missions; But previous reports suggest that the first launch will take place in 2024 (1403).
The next mission is Chang’e 6, which was originally intended to support the return of the Chang’e 5 mission, and its new mission will be to collect the first rock specimens from the moon’s south pole and deliver them to Earth, confirming the success of the previous mission will be. According to China, Chang’e 6 will carry developing scientific shipments from France and Italy, and possibly Russia and Sweden.
The Chang’e 8 mission will be launched later this decade with the goal of establishing a Joint International Research Station (ILRS) with Russia and other potential partners. Test 3D printing:
The main purpose of these three missions is to launch this prototype research station in cooperation with Russia and led by China. The construction of this station can help us to better discover and develop the environment and resources of the moon and how to use them peacefully.
The ILRS plan includes the development of a robotic base that will allow astronauts to stay on the moon for a long time by 2030 (1409); This project is quite different from the US Artemis plan to bring astronauts back to the moon in the coming years.