The oldest European map, the Golden Lost City in Egypt, and the vast landscape in India are just three examples of the astronomical discoveries of 2021. Despite all the problems associated with the birth of Covid 19, researchers have discovered numerous works. In this article, we take a look at 10 examples of amazing discoveries made by researchers in 2021.
Great landscape in India
A huge geography (painting on the ground), probably the largest geography ever discovered, was discovered in the Tar Desert of India. The landscape covers an area of approximately 20.8 hectares near the Indian-Pakistani border and includes a variety of spiral and serpentine lines.
To cross the lines of this landscape, you have to travel 48 kilometers. It is estimated that the painting dates back to 150 years ago, but the purpose of its creation is unknown. This geography is difficult to see from Earth and was first discovered by a team of researchers who analyzed these landscapes using Google Earth.
The Lost Golden City
Archaeologists have discovered a “lost golden city” near the Egyptian palace. This city, also known as the “Rise of Aton”, was founded by Pharaoh, Amenhotep III, who ruled between 1391 and 1353 BC. The city includes numerous houses, office buildings, a large bakery, a brick-making department, and several tombs. Historical documents show that Amenhotep III had three royal palaces in this city. The ancient excavations of this city are still going on.
Scientists knew about the existence of this city based on historical records, but had not been able to discover it until this year. “Many foreign missions were spent searching for the city and never found it,” said Zahi Haus, a former Egyptian cultural heritage minister and archaeologist who led the lost city.
The lost golden city was buried under the hills of Luxor for 3,000 years
Discovery of the Roman Crucifixion
Cambridge Archaeologists have unearthed the body of a man who was crucified between the ages of 25 and 35. A nail was found in at least one of his heel bones, and his arms were crucified during the crucifixion. This situation caused him to die of suffocation at the time of his death.
Archaeologists noticed that the femurs were narrow, so he hung on the wall long before he was crucified. The body dates back to the third or fourth century AD, and this man was probably a slave. Few specimens of the Roman Empire’s crucifixes have been discovered in ancient excavations.
A nail was found in one of the bones of a man’s heel, which indicates that this person has been crucified.
The oldest map of Europe
A collection of 4,000-year-old stone carvings in France is actually the oldest map in Europe. This plate has a series of lines that show the Odette River and the surrounding valleys in Western Europe, which is an area of 30 by 21 kilometers.
The stone tablet was actually discovered in 1900; But the researchers used the photogrammetric method to obtain an accurate three-dimensional image of the plate and proved that the engravings were maps. The prince or king probably used this map to show his territory.
Old lovers in each other’s arms
About 1,500 years ago, a couple (male and female) were buried in each other’s arms. When archaeologists discovered their remains, their arms remained intact despite the passage of time. “This is the first Chinese couple we’ve ever discovered in our arms,” said Qian Wang, lead researcher and assistant professor of medical science at A&M Texas Dental College.
The man is estimated to be between 29 and 35 years old and has several injuries, including a broken arm and a severed finger in his right hand. The woman is between 35 and 40 years old and has no obvious injuries. Researchers speculate that the man died after the woman and may have killed himself to be buried in the arms of his lover.
The oldest pet tomb
A 2,000-year-old pet tomb is probably the oldest known specimen in the world, discovered at Bernice, on the shores of the Egyptian Red Sea. The animals buried in this tomb died of natural causes and were cared for with love and affection. In other parts of Egypt, tombs of animals have been discovered that were often sacrificed.
But the pet tomb depicts animals, including a large dog wrapped in a mat of palm leaves. The tomb also included toothless dogs and cats that were very old at the time of death and probably needed the help of their owners to eat. “Our discovery shows that humans have a deep need for companionship with animals,” said Martha Osipinska, a zoologist at the Warsaw Academy of Sciences.
11,000 year old parade
11,000-year-old prehistoric areas in Turkey, now known as Karahantep, have been used for prehistoric parades. The area has a building that includes columns in the shape of a penis and a statue in the shape of a human head. This area is similar to the Gobakli Tep area, another ancient area with huge buildings and sculptures of animals and human heads. Both areas are among the oldest known man-made monuments.
Human and multifaceted images in Karahantep, one of the most important Neolithic buildings in the Haliliye district of Sanliurfa, Turkey.
The oldest war memorial
The 4,300-year-old tomb in Syria in the Tal Banat area is perhaps the oldest known war memorial. The tomb contains the bodies of at least 30 fighters who were buried with horses and pellets. The ancients used pellets as fuel for weapons. Ancient inscriptions in Mesopotamia show how corpses of war were piled up in organized structures.
People who live in that area today call this building a white monument because the gypsum material in this building has made it reflect in the sun. According to Anne Porter, a professor of ancient Near and Middle Eastern civilizations at the University of Toronto and one of the researchers in the study:
The ancient people, like the people of today, valued and respected those who were killed in war.
Chinese scientists have announced the discovery of new human species, which are called Homo Longi, meaning dragon humans. The species was identified based on a skull discovered in 1933 that had been hidden in a well for 85 years during the Japanese occupation of China.
This skull is large, and studies show that Dragon Males are probably the closest known species to Homo sapiens. It is not yet known exactly when the dragon man appeared and when it became extinct, but the skull discovered dates back to between 309,000 and 138,000 years ago. Some scientists have hypothesized that the dragon man is a new human species; Have been questioned and thought to belong to the Denisovan species; A homonyde from which a small number of fossils have been discovered so far.
The oldest painting of the soul
A museum curator has identified a 3,500-year-old Babylonian tablet engraved that is difficult to see with the naked eye. This painting depicts a male soul with a beard being led to the underworld by a woman with a rope.
This tablet has a spell that means summoning the soul. This spell transforms the soul into a small body and seeks help from the sun god Shamash to help the soul pass to the next life. The last danger of the ceremony warns “do not look behind you.” The tablet is housed in the British Museum and was acquired in the 19th century, but the role of the soul has only recently been identified.